Applying Actiferm to the soil increases the number of positive fermentative microbes, suppressing the negative putrefying microbes through competitive exclusion.  These beneficial microbes also ferment organic matter to retain nutrients and make them available within the soil. Microbes also produce bioactive substances, like enzymes, vitamins, antimicrobials, and phytonutrients, which favours the development of plants and helps prevent diseases.


    • Rapid initial effect due to the enormous diversity of effective micro-organisms.
    • Preservation of energy and nutritional value in the material to be processed.
    • Better use of organic material.
    • Prevents rotting on the field and the heap.
    • Limited leaching.
    • Not harmful to machinery, soil, plants, animals, and humans.

Usage Guide

Please see our article on Actiferm for details on usage and dosage
Please see our article on Actiferm for details on usage and dosage

Effective Micro-organisms (EM®)

  • Yeast: Contribute to essential ecological processes such as mineralising organic material and distributing carbon and energy through the soil ecosystem.
  • Fungi: Important as decomposers in the soil food web. They convert hard-to-digest organic material into forms that other organisms can use.
  • Lactic Acid Bacteria: Speeds up the decomposition of organic matter and releases available nutrients to plants and organisms. It also suppresses harmful microbes.
  • Phototrophic Bacteria: Critical to nitrogen and carbon cycling within the soil and soil productivity, water retention and soil stability.
  • Actinomycetes: Large family of microbes including antibiotics, nitrogen-fixing bacteria and decomposers of lignin, chitin, and insect exoskeletons.


  • Store at room temperature, not in sun or above 38C.
  • Practical Bag-in-Box lasts at least 1 year after the production date.

EM® technology

The EM® technology is based on a group of natural soil microbes that interact and together effectively degrade and mineralise organic matter. The group consists of photosynthesis bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, and yeast fungi. In specialised languages, the technique is called microbial consortium technology, i.e. a group of different organisms that through collaboration become more stable and efficient. In the soil, EM® stimulates other benign microbes that release nutrition and interact with the plant.

Prof. Teruo Higa

The European Championship® was developed by Prof. Teruo Higa of the University of Ryukyu in Okinawa, Japan. EM technology has gained worldwide distribution and is used in agriculture, cultivation, animal husbandry, water treatment, waste management, recycling, and health.

EM® product range

Many secondary products have been developed with EM® in many countries and in many areas. Each product is for different purposes, some for large-scale agriculture and others for gardening. EM® can be applied in many ways and integrated into many types of products to suit your needs.

Licensed distributor

Agriton only sells genuine EM-1® from EMRO licensed manufacturers. Some science when using it with composting: Applying Actiferm to compost Composting is a largely aerobic process. Despite the efforts of regular turning, composting will consist of both aerobic and anaerobic microbes. Decomposition is most effective by the dynamic actions where each microbe provides a different function within the process. For example, in typical household waste, Lactobacillus, leuconostoc and pseudomonas are typical, with thermophilic Thermus genus increasing as thematic process starts to dominate. Once composting is nearing high temperatures, reduction in gram-nagative bacteria sharply decline (Dees & Ghiorse) and so bacteria diversity reduces. It is important to retain diversity of microbial populations when decomposing. Studies have shown by (J Biosci Bioeng. 2001) that Lactobacillus spp and Acetobacter spp multiply and dominate in low pH and temperatures at the beginning composting, decomposing proteins and fermenting sugars to form lactic acids. Similarly, Actinobacteria increase results in gradual decomposition of lignin and cellulose. Not only is the diversity important, but many of these microbes interact synergistically. In the case of Lactobacillus species, these have a close relationship with yeasts that work to stimulate the function of producing lactic acids production (J Biosci Bioeng. 2001). In turn this production acts as feed for the aerobic bacteria that are the dominant drivers of decomposition in composting system. In addition, Bacillus aerobic species will secrete catabolic enzymes such as protease that will start to slowly raise the pH to balance out the acidity (Holt JG. 1986) of other bacteria. EM Actiferm contains lactic acid bacteria, phototrophic, yeast, actinomycetes, fungi, bacteria of both aerobic and anaerobic. The diversity of the microbes has been carefully put together to produce a product that incorporates the complex relationships within this community. The result can help to balance the community of microbes, synergistically, so that decomposition becomes more effective and less loss of nutrients through loss of effective microbes.


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